We offer four Options for Dual Pangea globes at this time:
Paleogeographic Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous images and also the Political Pangea described below. We are working on lesson activities to be used with these products for unique learning opportunities. We will release additional Dual globe options during Summer 2017 for Rodinia and Pannotia.
The paleogeographic “half-globe” illustrates the configuration of the ocean basins and continents during the early Jurassic, 190 million years ago (Scotese, 2014c).At this time, the northern continents (Laurasia) and the southern continents (Gondwana) were united to form the supercontinent of Pangea.
The colors on the paleogeographic half-globe
illustrate shallow shelves and the flooded portions of the continents (epieric seas); shades of light blue,
coastal regions and continental areas near sea level - dark green,
inland areas – green
The raised circular feature in eastern Canada is the Manicouagan impact structure
Black lines indicate modern political boundaries and
This paleogeographic map is one of many plate tectonic and paleogeographic maps produced by Christopher R. Scotese during the past 40 years. This early Jurassic reconstruction is from the PALEOMAP PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS (Scotese, 2002; Scotese, 2008a-f). This digital atlas, designed for use with GIS
software, (ArcMap, ESRI), consists of ~100 paleogeographic maps together with plate tectonic (Scotese, 2014b), paleolithological (Boucot et al., 2013),
paleoceanographic (Scotese, 2014a; Scotese and Moore, 2014a,e), and
paleoclimatic reconstructions (Scotese et al., 2014;Scotese and Moore,
The original paleogeographic map (rectilinear projection)
was converted to a set of gores and plotted on the RealWorld half-globe.
The original set of maps can be downloaded from the Earthbyte website at
In collaboration with RealWorld Globes, the PALEOMAP Project will be producing a set of paleogeographic globes and half-globes Tell us which geological periods you would like to see plotted on a RealWorld globe or half-globe!
Boucot, A.J., Chen Xu, and Scotese, C.R, 2013.
Phanerozoic Paleoclimate: An Atlas of Lithologic Indicators of Climate, SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology, (Print-on-Demand Version), No. 11, 478 pp., ISBN 978-1-56576-289-3, October 2013, Society for Sedimentary Geology, Tulsa, OK
Scotese, C.R., 2002. 3D paleogeographic and plate tectonic reconstructions: The PALEOMAP Project is back in town, presented at Houston Geological Society
International Exploration Dinner Meeting, Houston, TX, May 20, 2002, The
Bulletin of the Houston Geological Society, v. 44, issue 9, p. 13-
Scotese, C.R., 2008a, The PALEOMAP Project PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS, version 1, Volume 1, Cenozoic Paleogeographic, Paleoclimatic and Plate Tectonic Reconstructions,
PALEOMAP Project, Arlington, Texas.
Scotese, C.R., 2008b, The PALEOMAP Project PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS, version 1, Volume 2, Cretaceous Paleogeographic, Paleoclimatic, and Plate Tectonic Reconstructions, PALEOMAP Project, Arlington, Texas.
Scotese, C.R., 2008c, The PALEOMAP Project PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS, version 1, Volume 3,
Triassic and Jurassic Paleogeographic, Paleoclimatic, and Plate Tectonic Reconstructions, PALEOMAP Project, Arlington, Texas.
>Scotese, C.R., 2008d, The PALEOMAP Project PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS, v.1, Volume 4, Late
Paleozoic; Paleogeographic, Paleoclimatic, and Plate Tectonic
Reconstructions, PALEOMAP Project, Arlington, Texas.
Scotese,C.R., 2008f, The PALEOMAP Project PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS, v.1, Volume 6,
Late Precambrian Paleogeographic, Paleoclimatic, and Plate Tectonic Reconstructions, PALEOMAP Project, Arlington, Texas.
Scotese, C.R, Atlas of Phanerozoic Oceanic Anoxia (Mollweide
Projection), Volumes 1-6,PALEOMAP
Project PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS, PALEOMAP Project, Evanston, IL.
Atlas of Plate Tectonic Reconstructions (Mollweide Projection),
Volumes 1-6, PALEOMAP Project PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS, PALEOMAP Project, Evanston, IL.
Scotese,; C.R., Atlas of Jurassic Paleogeographic Maps, PALEOMAP Atlas for ArcGIS, volume 3,
The Jurassic and Triassic, Maps 32-42, Mollweide Projection, PALEOMAP Project,
Tutorial: PALEOMAP Paleoatlas for GPlates and the PaleoData
Atlas of Phanerozoic Climatic Zones
(Mollweide Projection), Volumes 1-6, PALEOMAP Project PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS,
PALEOMAP Project, Evanston, IL.
and Moore, T.L. Atlas of Phanerozoic Ocean Currents and
Salinity (Mollweide Projection), Volumes 1-6, PALEOMAP Project PaleoAtlas for
ArcGIS, PALEOMAP Project, Evanston, IL.
Political Pangaea is a map created with both
scientific and artistic purposes
The scientific task is to explain with a strong
visual impact the relationships between the ancient supercontinent called
Pangaea and the present world continents with their countries and cities.
The period that was chosen for this map is the middle Triassic era (about 235
millions of years ago) just before the starting of the tectonic movements that
would eventually end with the splitting of the supercontinent and the creation
of Gondwana and Laurasia.
The map is based on the current theories on the continental drift and it
carefully respects the overall position of the lands starting from a center
point that unites the two coast lines of the Atlantic Ocean (which are the most
remarkable correspondence between continent shapes now-a-day).
The artistic task is to represent inside the
frames of a real Pangaea map all the countries and lands that we generally see
when we look at a modern political map in a clear and recognizable way .
The resulting graphic visual impact would make people play with the surprising
connections between cities and people that now seem to be very far in our
conceptions of the world. The curious unions with unexpected countries (such as
New York in front of Morocco) create an instinctive association of ideas
between regions that are different in terms of climates, landscapes and
geographical distances. This shocking reconstruction of our vision of the world
forces us to think about how huge the changes in our planet should have been in
But in order to represent all the modern countries we know in a recognizable
way we need to manipulate and modify here and there the pure scientific
geographical shapes of the Triassic Pangaea: an "artistic" adaptation
Some of the countries we now know were not existing 235 millions years ago
(like Iceland or almost all the Pacific ocean islands), other lands were under
the seas or presented definitely different shapes and extensions. Representing
modern countries in a Pangaea map in an absolute scientific way is impossible,
but with some small local modifications we can insert the shapes of all modern
countries inside the correct general positions of the tectonic plates.
The map of Political Pangaea is this: an
artistic interpretation of the ancient supercontinent called Pangaea that shows
us clearly and in a very direct way the real overall correspondences of the
land masses of our planet according the current scientific theories.